The Future of Biometric and Human Rights
Concept and Utility
Biometric is a data that is unique. Individual physical characteristics of one human being cannot be differ and remain unaltered for life, such as voice-recording, fingerprint images and DNA samples. Biometric data are very reliable means of authentication because they allow one to prove a verification of an individual’s unique physical biometric data (Hert, 2013). Authentications reduce users’ abuse as it would be difficult to be transferred to third parties. Therefore, biometric technologies that use biometric data to confirm an individual’s claimed identity can both improve overall safety and reduce risk of fraud (Hert, 2013).
First Generation of Biometric,
- Irish Scan
The soft biometric are general traits such as gender, age, height, weight and ethnicity. This had caused social sorting of indiscrimination. It had divided people into categories eg. young and old, straight and gay and Asia and non-Asian and so forth. However, the digital biometric machines made decision without indiscrimination as it evidently neutral dimension.
Second Generation of Biometric,
- Heart Rate
- Body temperature
- Pupil dilation
- Brain activity pattern
These biometric data is collection in a passive fashion and embedded. This become problematic as the while data is being collected, the data subject is unaware. The consent transparency of collecting individual biometric from tracing and tracking becomes the nor. Thus, surveillance society form.
According to the Resolution, the states must “develop and implement systems to collect biometric data, which could include fingerprints, photographs, facial recognition, and other relevant identifying biometric data, in order to responsibly and properly identify terrorists, including foreign terrorist fighters,” measures that have to be “in compliance with domestic and international law, including human rights law.”
However, many countries do not have the right legislative framework and mechanisms to ensure data and privacy security, and that dialogue on this matter has been missing.
The report points are vital as it regards the regulating retention and access to biometric databases, due to several risks that may arise in each timeframe, ultimately compromising data integrity.
Human Behaviours and Ethnical issues
Part 1: Introduction, statistics findings, case study, advantage and disadvantages.
- Question: What is our institution governing our biometric data?
- How is it anticipating human behaviors? Physical/emotion/cognitive
Part 2: Social Changes and Behaviors and Ethical Issues
- Social Changes and Behaviors
- Who is controlling Biometric data?
- Processing Sensitive Data
- Accuracy of Data
- Prior Checking
Part 3: The Future of Biometric and Conclusion
Alonso-Fernadenz, F., Fierrez, J., Oetega-Garcia, J. (2012) “Quality Measures in Biometric System”. EEE Security and Privacy Magaizne. Retrieved From:
Hert, P. D. (2013) “Biometrics and the Challenge to Human Rights in Europe”. Need for Regulation and Regulatory Distinctions. Retrieved From:
Korolov, M. (2019) “What is biometrics? 10 physical and behavioral identifiers that can be used for authentication”. CSO News. Retrieved From:
Ross. A., Banerjee, S., Chen, C., Chowdhury, A., Mirjlili, V., Sharma, R., Swearingen, T. And Yadav, S. (2019) “Some Research Problems in Biometrics: The Future Beckon”. Proc. of 12th IAPR International Conference on Biometrics. Retrieved From: